Belgrade, Serbia │ Bucharest, Romania │Budapest, Hungary | Kyiv, Ukraine │Prague, Czech Republic | Riga, Latvia │Warsaw, Poland
Thermal energy production and distribution is managed by PUC “Beogradske elektrane”, including maintenance of 1.600 km-long (two-way) DH distribution network, supplying hot water to 320,000 apartments or close to 50% of households in Belgrade. Annual heat energy supply of 350 million cubic meters is produced in 14 heating plants and 22 boiler rooms with primary energy source being natural gas (more than 96%). Serbia produces less than 20% of its annual gas demand, covering the supply gap with natural gas imported from Russian Federation. City of Belgrade has in 2020 presented the District Energy Action Plan until 2025 (with projections to 2040) which includes particular focus on following segments: increase of use of solar and geothermal energy, waste heat and introduction of cooling as a service.
Filip Petrovic | Trade Commissioner
Sources: PUC “Beogradske elektrane”, City of Belgrade, Statistical Office of Serbia
Bucharest has a 70-year old district heating system, which is obsolete and has never underwent any major refurbishment. The current city administration is looking into implementing projects, using European Union, IFIs and state budget funding, to tackle its systemic problems.
Raluca Tudor-Petcu | Trade Commissioner
In 2020, Hungary adopted a new National Energy and Climate Strategy, setting the goals of phasing out coal by 2025, increasing solar capacities to 6000 MW, and reaching a 90% carbon neutral electricity production by 2030. The new energy strategy also has an ambitious plan targeting an increased 60% share of renewable energy resources in Hungary’s district heat production by 2030. The City of Budapest has been also working on the renewal of its 2018 Climate Strategy. The new strategy has been aligned with EU Climate Action Policies and Hungary’s latest National Energy and Climate Action Plan. The strategy targets a 40% decrease in CO2 emission from 2015 to 2030. To reach this target the city will be implementing a complex development program for the modernization of the Budapest district heating network, increase the share of renewable energy resources in district heat production and support green transportation developments between 2020 and 2030.
Gergely Morvai | Trade Commissioner
The DHS of Kyiv is characterized by outdated and worn out infrastructure (pipelines and technological equipment) that needs upgrade and replacement. International financial institutions (the World Bank, EBRD, EIB) continue to be the key investors of DHS renovations providing their financing to the government of Ukraine and municipalities under state or municipal guarantees.
Ielyzaveta (Lisa) Zhuravska | Trade Commissioner
Prague, Czech Republic
The capital city of Prague has long been one of the areas with a higher level of air pollution in the Czech Republic. The City of Prague has set ambitious targets and made its climate commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by 45% by 2030 compared to 2010 and to move towards carbon neutrality by 2050.
Energy Market Report (2019)
Martina Taxova | Trade Commissioner
The Energy Agency of Latvia brings climate change issues into the agenda. 40 % of Latvia’s demand for electricity is produced by three large hydroelectric power plants. JSC Rīgas Siltums supplies district heating in Riga produced by two biomass CHPs of Latvenergo. Almost half of Latvia’s population lives in Riga with main clean energy businesses picking up on clean energy aspects. Solar PV and smart energy management systems at the centre of energy innovation currently. Also Liepaja, Jelgava, Saldus, Valmiera and Salaspils are implementing smart city solutions. Salaspils city started operating the second largest Solar field for district heating in 2019.
Latvia’s Wind Works Conference (April 29, 2021)
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Irena Cirule | Trade Commissioner
Warsaw’s district heating networks of close to 1800 km covers 80% of the city heating needs. The network is operated by French-owned Veolia while state-owned PGNiG Termika runs two large central heat & power plants currently producing heat from coal but planed to transition to gas fuel in 2021 and in following years. City of Warsaw has a long-term goals of reaching the climate neutrality in 2050 which will require redesigning approach to a district heating sector. Currently the City undertakes works to create so called Warsaw Energy Model 2050 where required changes will reflected.
Karolina Janiak | Trade Commissioner